About Breast Cancer

One in eight women develops Breast cancer during their lifetime, making it one of the most common cancers worldwide. Breast cancer can affect one or both breasts, which can occur in different parts of the breast, and it is an abnormal growth occurring in the breast that could spread. Almost entirely, these cases are found in women, but men can also develop Breast cancer.

Risk Factors & Prevention

Women ages 45 and older are at a higher risk of Breast cancer.
Some risk factors are:

  • Increased Weight
  • Alcohol Consumption
  • Unhealthy Lifestyle & Diet
  • Menstrual and Reproductive History
  • Radiation exposure
  • Late Pregnancy
  • Gene Mutations
  • Family History of Breast cancer
  • Hormone Pills

How can it be prevented?

  • Maintain a Healthy Weight
  • Be Physically Fit & Maintain a Proper Diet
  • Reduce Hormone Intake
  • Limit Smoking & Drinking
  • Avoid Birth Control Pills

Screening

Screening exams for Breast cancer help detect cancer at an early stage.
The likelihood of successful treatment is increased by early diagnosis:

  • Mammography
  • Breast Ultrasound
  • Magnetic Resonance imaging
  • Clinical Breast Exams

Symptoms & Signs

  • Usually there is a painless lump to begin with however there may be pain in the breast when a breast lump has grown to involve the overlying skin
  • Perforated and swollen skin throughout the breast region
  • Inflammation in different parts of the breast
  • A nipple discharge that is unusual and just not breast milk
  • Blood coming out of your nipple
  • Skin that is flaky, peeling, or scaly on your nipple
  • A sudden change in your breast size
  • An upside-down nipple
  • A change in the way your breast flesh looks
  • A lump beneath your arm

Diagnosis

Breast cancer diagnostic tests determine whether you have the disease and how aggressive it may be.
Tools and tests include:

  • Lab tests
  • Biopsy
  • MRI or Mammogram
  • Staging Tests
  • PET-CT

Do’s & Don’ts During Treatment

Do’s

  • Maintain a healthy sleep schedule
  • Be physically active
  • Minimize attending public gatherings
  • Yoga and meditation
  • Maintain a decent, adequate, and nutritional diet regime

Dont’s

  • Avoid Overexertion yourself
  • Avoid an Unhealthy lifestyle
  • Avoid getting exposed to Infections
  • Avoid taking the stress
  • Do not miss follow-up visits
  • Avoid eating large meals
  • Quit smoking, Alcohol

Post Treatment Support

Post-treatment Breast cancer survivors can undergo long-term side effects of surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, and hormonal therapy. They can also have symptoms as Menopausal symptoms, such as hot flashes, Joint pain, Fatigue, Mood changes, Depression, and anxiety. Survivors require empathy, mental strength, and support from their families; they can also join Breast cancer Post-Treatment Survivorship Support Groups.

FAQ's

  1. Breast cancer? what is it?

    Breast cancer is a type of cancer that develops in one or both breasts.

  2. Who can get Breast cancer?

    All women can be affected by Breast cancer; in some cases, men can also get Breast cancer.

  3. What signs or symptoms does Breast cancer have?

    A new breast tumor or lump is the most typical indication of Breast cancer. Breast cancers can be painful, soft, or circular, but they are more likely to be malignant if they are painless, firm, and have uneven borders.

  4. Can Breast cancer be genetically inherited?

    Yes, in 5-10% of cases, mutations can be inherited

  5. How long do I need to wait to get pregnant after treatment for Breast cancer?

    Some Breast cancer survivors are recommended to wait at least two years after their treatment is over before attempting pregnancy.

  6. Is Breast cancer contagious?

    No. One can’t catch cancer from some other person like flu or cold.

  7. After Breast cancer therapy, can I breastfeed?

    Breastfeeding difficulties from the afflicted breast could result after surgery, radiation, or both.

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