About Thyroid Cancer

Thyroid cancer is a type of cancer that starts in the cells of the thyroid gland. The thyroid gland is located in the front part of the neck and is responsible for producing hormones that regulate metabolism and growth. Thyroid cancer is relatively rare, but it is the most common type of endocrine cancer. Women are three times more likely to develop thyroid cancer than men. It is usually found in people between the ages of 30 and 60, but can occur at any age.

Precautions & Factors:

While the exact cause of thyroid cancer is unknown, there are some risk factors that may increase the likelihood of developing it. These include a family history of thyroid cancer, exposure to radiation, and certain genetic conditions such as multiple endocrine neoplasia and familial medullary thyroid cancer. Women who have a history of thyroid disease or have had radiation therapy to the head or neck area are also at a higher risk.


The first step in diagnosing thyroid cancer is a thorough physical examination and medical history review. The doctor may also order blood tests to check for abnormal levels of thyroid hormones. Imaging tests such as an ultrasound, CT scan, or MRI may also be done to get a better view of the thyroid gland and determine if there are any abnormal growths. A biopsy is usually necessary to confirm the diagnosis and determine the type of thyroid cancer.

Signs & Symptoms:

Thyroid cancer may not cause any symptoms in its early stages. However, as the cancer grows, it may cause a lump or swelling in the neck, difficulty swallowing, hoarseness in the voice, and swollen lymph nodes. Some people may also experience changes in their voice, difficulty breathing, or coughing. These symptoms may not always indicate thyroid cancer, but it is important to see a doctor for further evaluation.


After a diagnosis of thyroid cancer is confirmed, further tests may be done to determine the stage and extent of the cancer, which will help in developing a treatment plan. This can include a chest X-ray, bone scan, or radioactive iodine scan. These tests will help in detecting if the cancer has spread to other parts of the body.

Instructions during Treatment:

The treatment for thyroid cancer depends on the type and stage of the cancer. It may include surgery to remove all or part of the thyroid gland, radiation therapy, or targeted drug therapy. Thyroid hormone replacement therapy may also be necessary to regulate thyroid hormone levels in the body. It is important to follow the doctor’s instructions carefully during and after treatment, and to attend follow-up appointments for regular monitoring

Post Treatment Support:

Even after successful treatment, it is important for individuals to continue with regular check-ups to monitor for any recurrence or other health concerns. Support from friends, family, and healthcare professionals can also play a crucial role in the emotional and physical recovery process. Seeking support groups and counseling can also be beneficial in coping with the challenges of a cancer diagnosis and treatment.


Q: Is thyroid cancer hereditary?
A: While most cases of thyroid cancer are not linked to genetics, some forms of the disease may run in families.

Q: Can thyroid cancer be prevented?
A: Avoiding exposure to radiation and maintaining a healthy lifestyle may help reduce the risk.

Q: What are the chances of survival after treatment for thyroid cancer?
A: The survival rate for thyroid cancer is high, with more than 98% of patients surviving at least five years after treatment.

Q: Can thyroid cancer recur after treatment?
A: There is a chance that thyroid cancer can recur even after successful treatment. Regular check-ups and monitoring are important to detect any recurrence or new cancer growth.

Q: Can pregnancy affect thyroid cancer?
A: Pregnancy does not increase the risk of thyroid cancer, but hormonal changes during pregnancy may cause changes in the size of any existing thyroid tumors. It is important to discuss any concerns with a doctor.

Our Cancer Experts

Contact Details

Address Details

    Get In Touch With Us

    Book An Appointment
    close slider

      Get In Touch With Us

        Get In Touch With Us