About Uterine Cancer:

Uterine cancer, also known as endometrial cancer, is a type of cancer that begins in the cells of the uterus, commonly in the lining of the uterus called the endometrium. The uterus is a female reproductive organ located in the pelvis and plays a crucial role in menstruation, pregnancy, and childbirth.

There are two main types of uterine cancer: endometrial cancer and uterine sarcoma. Endometrial cancer is the most common type, accounting for about 95% of uterine cancer cases. It usually affects women after menopause, whereas uterine sarcoma is a rare and more aggressive type that can occur at any age.

Precautions & Factors:

Although the exact cause of uterine cancer is still unknown, there are certain factors that can increase a woman’s risk of developing this cancer. These include:

  • Age: The risk of uterine cancer increases as a woman reaches menopause, with most cases occurring in women aged 50 and above.
  • Obesity: Being overweight or obese can increase the risk of uterine cancer due to the excess estrogen produced by fat cells.
  • Hormone therapy: Prolonged use of estrogen alone, without progesterone, to treat menopausal symptoms can increase the risk of endometrial cancer.
  • Family history: If a close relative, such as a mother or sister, has had uterine cancer, the risk of developing it is higher.
  • History of endometrial hyperplasia: This condition causes the lining of the uterus to thicken, increasing the risk of developing cancer.


If you experience any symptoms or have risk factors for uterine cancer, your doctor may recommend a series of tests and procedures to assess your condition. These may include a pelvic exam, imaging tests, such as ultrasound and MRI, and a biopsy to examine the cells of the uterus.

Signs & Symptoms:

The most commonly reported symptom of uterine cancer is abnormal vaginal bleeding, especially after menopause. Abnormal bleeding can include spotting, bleeding between periods, or bleeding after sexual intercourse. Other signs and symptoms may include:

  1. Pelvic pain or pressure
  2. Pain during intercourse
  3. Unexplained weight loss
  4. Changes in bowel or bladder habits
  5. Fatigue or weakness


If the biopsy confirms uterine cancer, the next step is to determine the stage and extent of the cancer. This is done through imaging tests such as CT scan or PET scan, and in some cases, surgery to remove the uterus and surrounding tissue.

Instructions during Treatment:

The treatment for uterine cancer depends on the type, stage, and overall health of the patient. It may include surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, hormone therapy, or a combination of these. Your doctor will discuss the best treatment plan for you and provide instructions on how to prepare for and recover from the treatment.

During treatment, it is essential to take care of your physical and emotional well-being. This may include eating a healthy diet, staying physically active, getting enough rest, and seeking support from friends, family, or a support group.

Post Treatment Support:

After completing treatment, it is important to continue with regular follow-up appointments with your doctor. They will monitor your recovery and check for any signs of recurrence. Your doctor may also recommend lifestyle changes, such as quitting smoking and maintaining a healthy weight, to reduce the risk of recurrence.

It is also common for cancer survivors to experience emotional challenges such as anxiety, depression, or fear of recurrence. Seeking support from a therapist or joining a support group can help you cope with these feelings and adjust to life after cancer.


Q. Is uterine cancer hereditary?
While most uterine cancer cases are not inherited, about 5% to 10% of uterine cancer cases are linked to inherited genetic mutations.

Q. Can uterine cancer be cured?
The chances of a cure for uterine cancer depend on the stage, type, and overall health of the patient. Early detection and treatment can increase the chances of a cure.

Q. Can uterine cancer be prevented?
Certain lifestyle habits, such as maintaining a healthy weight and staying physically active, can reduce the risk.

Q. How often should a woman get screened for uterine cancer?
According to the doctor, women at average risk of uterine cancer should have a pelvic exam every year. Women at high risk due to a family history of the disease may benefit from earlier and more frequent screening.

Q. What can I expect during uterine cancer treatment?
The treatment for uterine cancer may involve surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, or hormone therapy. Your doctor will discuss the treatment options with you and explain the potential side effects and expected outcomes.

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