Early stages of ovarian cancer: symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment.

 In Cancer

Ovarian cancer is a challenging illness, often known as the “silent killer,” due to its subtle symptoms in the early stages. Dr. Ashish Gupta, a dedicated medical oncologist at Unique Hospital Cancer Centre in Delhi, India, witnesses firsthand the complexities associated with ovarian cancer diagnosis and treatment. In this article, we’ll delve into the symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment options for this condition, emphasising the importance of early detection and comprehensive care.

Understanding Early Symptoms:

During its early stages, ovarian cancer may not cause any noticeable symptoms. However, some women may exhibit subtle symptoms that should not be ignored. This includes:

  • Abdominal bloating or swelling
  • Pelvic or abdominal pain
  • Feeling full quickly after eating
  • Urgent or frequent need to urinate

Though these symptoms are nonspecific, if they last longer than a few weeks or have a significant impact on one’s daily life, they should be investigated further.

Diagnosis Process:

Diagnosing early-stage ovarian cancer is complex, compounded by the absence of specific symptoms and reliable screening tests. Dr. Ashish Gupta emphasises the need for comprehensive evaluations, particularly in Delhi, where healthcare accessibility varies. The diagnostic journey typically involves:

  • Pelvic Examination: A preliminary assessment to detect any abnormalities in the ovaries’ size or shape.
  • Imaging Tests: CT or ultrasound scans help visualise the ovaries and identify any abnormalities or tumours.
  • Blood Tests: CA-125 test measures levels of a protein associated with ovarian cancer, though it’s not conclusive for early detection.
  • Biopsy: While ovarian biopsies are generally avoided, biopsies of other sites may be conducted if cancer spread is suspected.
  • Genetics and NGS Testing: Important for understanding the genetic characteristics of the cancer and guiding treatment decisions.

Treatment Options:

Treatment for early-stage ovarian cancer typically involves surgery and may include chemotherapy. Dr. Ashish Gupta outlines the following approaches:

  • Surgery: The primary treatment involves surgically removing the tumor, which may entail removing one or both ovaries, fallopian tubes, and possibly the uterus, depending on the patient’s preferences and disease extent.
  • Chemotherapy: Often recommended post-surgery to eliminate any remaining cancer cells and reduce the risk of recurrence. In some cases, it may be administered before surgery to ensure a more thorough procedure.
  • Targeted Therapy: This approach targets specific abnormalities in cancer cells, offering a more tailored treatment based on genetic features.


Early detection and treatment of ovarian cancer is critical. Dr. Ashish Gupta emphasises the importance of recognising early symptoms, seeking prompt diagnostic testing, and learning about available treatment options. Advances in medical science, such as targeted therapies and surgical techniques, offer hope for better outcomes. Increased awareness and diagnostic capabilities are critical in the fight against ovarian cancer, emphasising the value of proactive healthcare engagement.

Unique Hospital Cancer Centre in Delhi is a shining example of cancer care excellence, offering Dr. Ashish Gupta’s expertise as well as comprehensive treatment options. Individuals seeking the best cancer treatment in India can count on Dr. Gupta’s expertise and the resources available at Unique Hospital Cancer Centre to provide compassionate care and optimal results.

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