Understanding Cervical Cancer: Causes, Symptoms, Prevention Tips, and HPV Infection Explained

 In Cancer

Worldwide, women are impacted by cervical cancer, which is a severe health concern. Its causes, symptoms, and preventive measures—all of which are essential for prompt detection and treatment—will be covered in this article. In addition, the human papillomavirus, or HPV, infection is a major factor in the development of cervical cancer. Let’s see what Dr. Ashish Gupta has to say on this crucial topic.

As a chief Oncologist at Unique Hospital in Delhi, He emphasises the importance of early detection and prevention in combating cervical cancer. Also the importance of regular screenings, HPV vaccination, and maintaining a healthy lifestyle in order to reduce the burden of cervical cancer.

What Causes Cervical Cancer?

Cervical cancer primarily develops due to the abnormal growth of cells in the cervix, the lower part of the uterus. The leading cause of cervical cancer is the Human Papillomavirus (HPV) infection. HPV is a common sexually transmitted infection, and certain high-risk strains can lead to cervical cancer over time. Other factors that increase the risk of developing cervical cancer include smoking, a weakened immune system, long-term use of oral contraceptives, and a family history of cervical cancer.

Symptoms of Cervical Cancer:

In the early stages, you may not see any symptoms. However, as the cancer progresses, symptoms may include abnormal vaginal bleeding, pelvic pain, pain during intercourse, unusual vaginal discharge, and pain during urination. It’s important to seek medical attention if you experience any of these symptoms, as early detection can significantly improve treatment outcomes.

Prevention Tips:

Cervical cancer can be prevented by making certain lifestyle changes and getting regular screenings. Experts such as Dr. Ashish Gupta also suggest some recommendations, you can read the given following preventive measures:

HPV Vaccination: Getting vaccinated against HPV significantly reduces the risk of developing cervical cancer, especially when administered before becoming sexually active. Vaccination is typically recommended for both boys and girls aged 11 to 12, but it can be administered up to age 26.

Practise Safe Sex: Using condoms during sexual activity can lower the risk of HPV transmission. However, it’s important to note that condoms do not provide complete protection against HPV, as the virus can infect areas not covered by the condom.

Regular Pap Smear Tests: Undergoing regular Pap smear tests, also known as Pap tests or cervical screening, is crucial for early detection of abnormal cervical cells. These tests can detect precancerous changes in the cervix, allowing for timely intervention and treatment.

Avoid Smoking: Smoking increases the risk of cervical cancer and other types of cancer. Quitting smoking or avoiding exposure to secondhand smoke can significantly reduce your risk.

Maintain a Healthy Lifestyle: Eating a balanced diet rich in fruits and vegetables, maintaining a healthy weight, and exercising regularly can help boost your immune system and reduce the risk of cervical cancer.


Cervical cancer is a preventable disease, and understanding its causes, symptoms, and preventive measures is crucial for women’s health. By following the guidance of experts like Dr. Ashish Gupta and adopting preventive measures such as HPV vaccination, practising safe sex, and undergoing regular screenings, we can reduce the incidence of cervical cancer and save lives. Take charge of your health today and prioritise cervical cancer prevention for a healthier tomorrow.

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